Gingivitis is a condition where the gum tissue becomes red and swollen as a result of inflammation. Periodontal disease is an infection that affects some or all of the periodontium, which includes the gums, bones, and tissues that hold your teeth in place. There is a link between these two conditions, but it’s not as simple as just gingivitis leading to periodontal disease. Here are some things to know about gingivitis and periodontal disease.
What Is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It’s caused by plaque, which is a form of bacteria that forms on the teeth. Symptoms include redness, swelling, bleeding, and receding gums. Gingivitis is often associated with a bacterial infection of the gums. It is not as serious as periodontal disease, which can destroy the tissues that hold teeth in place. Poor oral hygiene or an underlying medical condition, such as diabetes, may cause gingivitis. Periodontal disease occurs when plaque builds up on your teeth and gums after a long time without being removed.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a serious disease in the tissues that support the gums and teeth. It will make your gums swollen and puffy and bright red or purple, and it causes bleeding when you brush your teeth. It’s a common cause of tooth loss and can also cause the loss of the bones that support your teeth. It also can cause open sores on your gums, bad breath and pus that seeps from your gums. It can be a contributing factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and stroke.
Who Gets Gingivitis?
Periodontal disease affects people of all ages, but it’s more common in people who have diabetes or who have poor health habits, such as smoking. You can develop gingivitis and periodontal disease at any age. Brushing, flossing, and visiting the dentist can help to reduce your risk of further complications.
There are a variety of gingivitis treatments available, including:
- Professional dental cleaning
- Dental restoration
- Using a special mouthwash
- Using an interdental cleaner between your teeth
The truth is that dental hygiene is important for oral health and overall wellness. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease. Periodontal care can help reduce the risk of periodontal disease for people diagnosed with gingivitis. If you’re seeking a periodontist Pekin, IL for gingivitis treatment to alleviate your gingivitis symptoms and prevent periodontal disease, call Dr. David Kuban at (307) 347-4711 to schedule an appointment.
Content found on this blog is intended for educational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional judgement, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please speak with a professional if you have concerns about your oral health.